Don’t let Wildlife Advertising tell you that snakes are bad!! Snakes have a long, narrow body. Their internal organs have been made to match their long and narrow body type. Snakes have only one working lung, so it is very important that their environment is clean and never contaminated.
An interesting fact to know; to discover how many “vertabreas” the snake contains, it is possible to count the number of belly scales. Usually there’ll be a brand new scale for each vertebrea. It is jaw is developed so that the snake can swallow prey many times its size. The bottom part of the jaw is not locked together, as it is in most other creatures, but it may be split in to two parts. This way its mouth could open up, swallow the victim, and then pull its jaw together again. When the snake does this, it looks like it is yawning, opening the mouth up wide and shutting it again.
Their vision is just awesome, they do not see like we do; rather they see heat and moves. They also don’t hear anything but really low frequencies, so speaking to a snake won’t operate. You can shout you out lungs, the snake can’t hear you. It will however feel that the vibration, so stomping your feet from the floor will definitely get its attention. If you ever noticed a cobra stung by someone playing a flute, you can be sure that the person is stomping his foot in the ground or similar, since the snake wouldn’t hear the flute.
The men have two reproductive organs, the hemipenes. During mating only one will actually carry sperm. With young snakes you can sex the snakes by “popping” them. That means that to look for a male you pop out the hemipenes by applying pressure to the base of the tail. If done wrong this may damage the snake and allow it to be sterile, so you ought to always have someone explain to you the way you can do it before attempting. This cannot be done with other then very young snakes. The males are usually a bit wider around the vent area before the tail narrows down fast (due to the hemipenes inside), while in the females that the tail narrows down more evenly. But this can be quite tricky to see with the naked eye, so the best approach to sex a snake would be by “probing”. Proping is where you stick a probe to the snake’s vent and see how far in it goes until you meet resistance. In men the hemipenes makes the stunt go in farther then from the female.
When it comes to birth, snakes aren’t good parents. The dads are completely absent, he impregnates the leaves and female. The female then either sets her eggs, or has live infants. Pythons and corn snakes lay eggs, while boas have live babies. Some snakes lay ontop of their eggs till they hatch, really regulating the warmth for them, while others like the corn snake just lays them and leaves. After the babies are born or hatched they’re independently. This might be natures way of regulating the snake population, because a snake could have quite many babies! However, with no assistance from the parents most do not make it. For these it is really survival of the fittest, but also a lot of luck!
Skin and Shedding
Snakes aren’t worms!
Their skin is built up by scales, which assist the snake’s movement by grasping the surface. As new cells grow beneath the snake’s skin, the new cells push the previous cells upward, creating a transparent skin. After the snake grows and the upper layer of skin is being pushed even farther, the snake goes through a process of shedding.
The shedding has many stages; first the skin gets rough and the snake’s stomach usually turns pinkish. Then its eyes reach the “opaque” stage, its eyes turns blue and the snake is basically blind for a couple of days. This is because the snake is shedding the layer over its eyes. Then the snake starts looking normal again, and it’s very tough to see that it is shedding. Next issue would be to rub its skin contrary to the surface, stones etc, to push off the skin from head to tail. It looks like a sock thats pulled off, ending up inside out. The snake’s skin will come off in one piece. Young snakes shed often; every month or two. When they get old their increase rate declines, and they shed more seldom. Though they do most of their growing in the very first couple of decades, snakes never quit growing. Adult snakes shed a few times annually. Shedding is also quite important in eliminating parasites.
Snakes can now be seen throughout the planet, the only place there are no snakes is from the inland area. They are these elastic animals, there simply isn’t any comparison to their achievement. They live in deserts, cities, deserts, lakes, forests, mountains, savannas, rain forests etc.. The list can go on and on.
Snakes in cooler areas typically go into a type of hibernation throughout the wintertime, called brumation. Unlike hibernation where nearly everything shuts down and wakes up again in spring, brumation is what you can call “do nothing”. All the body works are all undamaged and the snake even moves around a little bit. Normally the snake chooses a place underground, so that it can remain as hot as possible during winter. Almost every snake that resides in an area with cool temperatures during winter brumates, otherwise it would not survive.
There are various areas where snakes that are not native to the region have been released, and now they are thriving. In many cases this proves a real challenge to the natural ecosystem, as the new snakes push other species outside, or the simple truth that humans do not want them there. That is why people who’ve snakes, can’t just go to the park and then drop off them! I cannot stress this enough, simply watch what’s happened in the Everglades in Florida. Currently there are anacondas and reticulated pythons breeding in a place where they do not belong, because careless owners who were confronted with snakes they couldn’t manage or didn’t want let them loose. Such actions can have deadly consequences.
All snakes are carnivorous, but the diet varies considerably depending on habitat and size. Most consume rodents; mice, rats, rats, gerbils etc.. Others eat fish, eggs, lizards and even other snakes. The very large species could eat pretty much anything from hippos to crocs.
Snakes are amazing in terms of patience, they can lay in one spot for days, just waiting for a prey to pass by.
Snakes can’t taste anything, and does not chew. There’s much more about how snakes are able to swallow a prey many times its size in the anatomy section, but basically its bottom jaw becomes separated in 2 while eating, and muscle movements help the snake consume. The teeth have been pointed towards the back of its mouth, so when a prey is bitten it’s extremely difficult for it to escape. The more the prey tries to push itself out, the greater grip the snake gets. It is so smart, and so easy. Anybody who has ever been bitten by a snake, understands that trying to pull the finger out of it’s mouth rarely works. To get your finger loose, then you actually have to push it further in the mouth to get loose in the clasp, and then open the mouth along with your free.
If the prey poses no threat, such as a pinkie mouse, the snake will generally not bother to waste energy murdering it, but rather swallows it alive.
After the snake has eaten it’s time for it to digest its food. This is quite important and the snake cannot be bothered during this process. This procedure usually takes around 48 hours, and if the snake feels threatened, the victim is too big, or so the weather isn’t warm enough it will regurgitate (throw up). Regurgitation is a significant thing for many snakes, their systems essentially gets turned upside down. The ideal thing to do after a regurge would be to wait at least ten times before attempting to feed again. How often a snake eats fluctuates from specie to specie. Frequently the males (sometimes females) quickly around breeding season regardless of if they really breed or not. Snakes might also not consume if they’re shedding.